Uganda, like many sub-Saharan African countries, faces major challenges in providing quality and accessible basic education to children and adolescents.
Early learning and development is compromised by the lack of pre-schools and other early childhood development ECD programmes and qualified teachers, as well as limited awareness and appreciation of the importance of ECD.
One out of every 10 children between 3 and 5 years of age is enrolled in pre-primary education. Attendance at primary level has grown due to a universal primary education policy launched in but the quality of teaching and learning needs significant improvement.
Teacher absenteeism is high in Uganda, with more than 60 per cent of teachers not in the classroom teaching in over half of all Ugandan public schools. Many children do not complete their schooling nor have the competencies needed to do well in life.
Only 1 in 4 children who starts primary school makes it to secondary school. Less than half 40 per cent of students are literate at the end of primary school. Children with disabilities are largely excluded from formal schooling because of shortages of special needs teachers and facilities. Secondary education is still inaccessible to most adolescents.
Less than a quarter 24 per cent of adolescents are enrolled at this level. Early marriage, teenage pregnancy, abuse at schools and school fees keep many teens, especially girls, out of secondary schools.
The school environment also plays a role in keeping children out of education.
How Many Languages of Africa Are There?
Schools lack adequate toilets and washing areas, and sexual abuse and canning at schools is rife despite an official ban on corporeal punishment.
If Uganda is to achieve its vision of becoming a middle income country, it cannot afford to have millions of children leave school without basic literacy and numeracy skills. This is why UNICEF is working with the government to build an inclusive, relevant and accessible education system and keep children learning. In this regard.
Investing in the holistic development of adolescents. For every child, a quality education. Innovations for better education. Challenge Solution Resources. The situation.
Uganda National Language
Close to a quarter 24 per cent of Ugandan children have experienced sexual abuse in schools. Related information on our education programme.Learn Swahili - Swahili in Three Minutes - How to Introduce Yourself in Swahili
Early childhood development. Explore our work. Adolescent health and development. Quality of basic education. Become a donor. Contact Legal.The earliest inhabitants of the area were hunter-gatherers. This lifestyle was slowly replaced by the arrival of the Bantu-speaking peoples between 1, and 2, years ago. Today, the population of Uganda is approximately Some of the largest of these groups in this country are discussed below.
The largest ethnic group in Uganda is the Baganda. People of Baganda origin make up The traditional language of this group is Luganda, belonging to the Niger-Congo language family. Culturally, they practice patrilineal descent. Several related lineages make up a clan.
Today, there are 52 recognized Baganda clans in Uganda.
When the British made contact, they discovered that the Baganda were highly organized with a significant military force. The British made their kingdom a protectorate and the Baganda king fought back unsuccessfully in By this time, contact with the British had led to a decrease in the population and the Baganda went from 3 million to only 1.
In order to recover costs of the war, the British levied taxes on the kingdom in but also signed a treaty agreeing to the demands of the chiefs, namely giving them authority over a large territory. Uganda gained independence in and the new government disbanded the Baganda Kingdom.
What Languages Are Spoken in Uganda?
They have since reunited under the new system of monarchy. The second largest ethnic group is the Banyankole, which makes up 9.
The Banyankole primarily reside in the southwestern region of Uganda. They traditionally speak a Bantu language called Runyankole. The primary economic activity of the Banyankole is raising cattle.
Today, the majority of these individuals practice Christianity, although the customary belief in ancestor spirits continues. When their kingdom was prohibited inthe Banyankole fought the new, independent government. When monarchism was restored inthe Banyankole were not united in their desire to reestablish the kingdom. To this day they have not resolved their differences.
The Basoga ethnic group makes up 8. Their traditional language is Soga, belonging to the Bantu language family. Land was owned by clans and managed by the head of the clan. Ownership could not pass to another clan The Basoga, today, inhabit the area east of the Baganda kingdom. Most of this, however, was due to an outbreak of the sleeping disease. As a result, between and much of the kingdom was evacuated. This was followed by famine. The population size continued to decrease.
Similar to the Baganda, when tribal monarchies were once again legalized, the Basoga reestablished their kingdom. As mentioned above and illustrated in the chart below, Uganda has a high degree of ethnic diversity. In fact, the country is one of the most ethnically diverse in the world.Why don't fictional characters say "goodbye" when they hang up a phone? All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.
Hottest Questions. Previously Viewed. Unanswered Questions. Languages and Cultures. Wiki User About 40 different languages are spoken in Uganda. The official language is English and Swahili was approved as a second official language in The most widely used local language is Luganda, but Lusoga, Runyankore and Bantu are used extensively in some areas. It is a Nilotic dialect but there are other tribal languages such as Lango and Acholi.
The official language is English. Swahili They speak different languages in the different villages. Swahili is commonly spoken in Kampala. The Acholi people also speak a language called Luo. The official language s are Luganda and Swahili.
There are two official languages spoken in the country of Uganda. These include the Swahili language, as well as the English language. The 2 official languages of Uganda are English and Swahili.
English is the national language, spoken as a first or second language by the majority. Luganda is the most widely spoken local language.Uganda has 2 official languages: Swahili and English. Swahili belongs to the Niger-Congo language family and is considered a subclassification of the Bantu subgroup. This language can be written in one of two alphabet systems: the Latin alphabet, which is used by the English language, or the Arabic alphabet, which is a cursive style that is written from right to left.
English belongs to the Indo-European language family and is a subclassification of the West Germanic subgroup. It is written with the Latin alphabet. English was introduced to Uganda during colonial times and has remained an important tool for communication since then.
The entire population of Uganda is estimated at around Of these individuals, Most of these speakers, however, speak Swahili as a second language. Onlypeople claim it as their native tongue. English speakers in Uganda are fewer. Around 2. English tends to be used by the government, while Swahili is often considered the language of business. Both languages are largely rejected by the Buganda region, a kingdom within the borders of Uganda.
Getting to know the local languages in Uganda is an excellent way for tourists to better communicate with the people of the country. Learning some phrases in Swahili is highly recommended, particularly for greetings and polite exchanges.
Another interesting language in Uganda is Uglish, a Ugandan English dialect. It has been influenced by many of the indigenous languages in this country and uses many English words in a unique manner. A wide variety of indigenous and immigrant languages can be heard throughout Uganda.
One of the most widely spoken minority languages in this country is Ganda, also known as Luganda. This language is the native tongue of around 5. It is sometimes considered the national language and was once a candidate to become one of the official languages of Uganda. It belongs to the Bantu subgroup of the Niger-Congo language family and is the primary language in the Buganda Kingdom, where it is spoken by the Baganda indigenous people.
This page was last modified on May 1st, Published on What is a Trade Embargo?The culture of Uganda is made up of a diverse range of ethnic groups. Lake Kyoga forms the northern boundary for the Bantu-speaking peoples, who dominate much of east, central and southern Africa.
In Uganda, they include the Baganda and several other tribes. In the north live the Lango and the Acholi, who speak Nilotic languages. To the east are the Iteso and Karamojong, who speak a Nilotic language, the Gishu are part of the Bantu and they live mainly on the slops of Mt Elgon speaking Lumasaba, closely related to the Luhya of Kenya. A few Pygmies live isolated in the rainforests of western Uganda.
Uganda is home to many different ethnic groups, none of whom forms a majority of the population. Around forty different languages are regularly and currently in use in the country. English became the official language of Uganda after independence.
Ugandan English is a local variant dialect. The most widely spoken local language in Uganda is Luganda, spoken predominantly by the Ganda people Baganda in the urban concentrations of Kampala, the capital city and in towns and localities in the Buganda region of Uganda which encompasses Kampala. The Lusoga and Runyankore-Rukiga languages follow, spoken predominantly in the southeastern and southwestern parts of Uganda respectively.
The Roman Catholic Church has the largest number of adherents Evangelical and Pentecostal churches claim the rest of the Christian population.
The Muslim population is primarily Sunni; there is also a minority belonging to the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Uganda is a home to many tribes that speak different languages. Uganda has 56 tribes and about nine indigenous communities that formally came to be recognized in the constitution amendment of English is the official language of Uganda. Luganda and Swahili are also widely spoken in most parts of the country. There is also French, Arabic and Germany mainly in institutions where they are taught and at embassies.
The following are the indigenous communities in Uganda.It is bordered to the east by Kenyato the north by South Sudanto the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congoto the south-west by Rwandaand to the south by Tanzania.
The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoriashared with Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda is in the African Great Lakes region. Uganda also lies within the Nile basinand has a varied but generally a modified equatorial climate. Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompasses a large portion of the south of the country, including the capital Kampala. The people of Uganda were hunter-gatherers until 1, to 2, years ago, when Bantu -speaking populations migrated to the southern parts of the country.
Beginning inthe area was ruled as a protectorate by the UK, who established administrative law across the territory. Uganda gained independence from the UK on 9 October The period since then has been marked by violent conflicts, including an eight-year-long far right military dictatorship led by Idi Amin. Additionally, a lengthy civil war against the Lord's Resistance Army in the Northern Region led by Joseph Konyhas caused hundreds of thousands of casualties.
The official languages are English and Swahilialthough "any other language may be used as a medium of instruction in schools or other educational institutions or for legislative, administrative or judicial purposes as may be prescribed by law. The current president of Uganda is Yoweri Kaguta Museveniwho came to power in January after a protracted six-year guerrilla war.
Following constitutional amendments that removed term limits for the president, he was able to stand and was elected president of Uganda in the and in the general elections. The residents of Uganda were hunter-gatherers until 1,—2, years ago. Bantu -speaking populations, who were probably from central Africa, migrated to the southern parts of the country.
According to oral traditionthe Empire of Kitara covered an important part of the great lakes areafrom the northern lakes Albert and Kyoga to the southern lakes Victoria and Tanganyika.
Some Luo invaded the area of Bunyoro and assimilated with the Bantu there, establishing the Babiito dynasty of the current Omukama ruler of Bunyoro-Kitara. Arab traders moved inland from the Indian Ocean coast of East Africa in the s. They were followed in the s by British explorers searching for the source of the Nile. In the s, 32, labourers from British India were recruited to East Africa under indentured labour contracts to construct the Uganda Railway.
From toa sleeping sickness epidemic in the southern part of Uganda, along the north shores of Lake Victoria, killed more thanpeople. In OctoberUganda became a republic but maintained its membership in the Commonwealth of Nations. Uganda's immediate post-independence years were dominated by the relationship between the central government and the largest regional kingdom — Buganda.
From the moment the British created the Uganda protectorate, the issue of how to manage the largest monarchy within the framework of a unitary state had always been a problem.
Colonial governors had failed to come up with a formula that worked. This was further complicated by Buganda's nonchalant attitude to its relationship with the central government.Uganda is a multilingual country in East Africa.
There are forty living native languages in Uganda, which can be grouped into three main language families: Bantu, Central Sudanic, and Nilotic. Two additional languages spoken in the country come from the Kuliak language family. English was adopted during the country's colonial, and it remains an official language. Swahili, which has regional significance, is also an official and has also been adopted by the nation.
English is spoken mostly by literate Ugandans, and was introduced in the colony through education, missionary work, and government. Upon gaining independence, Uganda retained English in its official status, as it was deeply entrenched in the education system, government, and media. The country's ethnolinguistic diversity further made it hard to settle on one official language. The English dialect spoken in Uganda is sometimes called Uglish or Ugandan English, and a rich local flavor characterizes the language.
The language is strongly influenced by native languages and speakers in Uganda always alter non-native words so that they sound more euphonic. Today, English in Uganda is prominently spoken in the spheres of government, education, and politics. There was a need to give a native language official status, and Swahili and Luganda were identified as potential candidates.
The Swahili language is foreign, so it was deemed to be neutral, and in it was proposed to be Uganda's second official language. The spread of Swahili within the country was facilitated by the country's participation in the East African Community, which involves its Swahili-speaking neighbors of Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda's language policy directs its use in schools, although most institutions do not meet this requirement. The Luganda language has more than 4 million speakers in Uganda, in addition to non-native speakers.
The language falls in the greater Niger-Congo language family. It is primarily spoken in the Buganda region, which sits in Central Uganda, and includes the capital of Kampala. After independence, Luganda was the most extensively used language, but other ethnic groups were opposed to it being given official status, while the Baganda were concerned that other people's grammar errors, coupled with mispronunciations, would ruin their language.
Luganda was used as the official language of instruction in Eastern Uganda's primary schools until the s. Currently, Luganda is the country's most spoken local language, and as a second language, it is second to English, and it precedes Swahili.
Uganda is home to numerous other Bantu communities apart from the Baganda. Bantu languages in the country include: Nyoro, used by the Banyoro; Tooro, used by the Tooro people; Runyankole, used by the Nkore community; Rukiga, heard among the Kiga people; and Lunyole, used by the Banyole people. InUganda became the world's second nation to include sign language in its constitution. The Ugandan Sign Language is used by Ugandan deaf communities, although its knowledge is mostly limited to urban localities.
English and Swahili are the official languages of Uganda.